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What is international economics and its parts?

International economics is concerned with the economic practices of different countries and the implications of those activities. In other words, international economics is the study of economic relations between countries and the effect of international problems on global economic activity. It investigates economic and political problems concerning foreign trade and finance. International trade is the cross-border exchange of goods or services as well as other sources of production such as labor and capital. International finance, on the other hand, studies the movement of financial assets or expenditure across boundaries. Only with the advent of globalization was cross-national trade and finance made possible. Today in this article, we will discuss international economics and the parts. Suppose you face any trouble related to this topic. In that case, you can contact us any time and use our International Economics Assignment Help web page, where our experts will assist you correctly and with complete details about what international economics is and its parts. So let's begin with the basics.  

What is the Concept of International Economics?

International economics is the study of international forces that affect domestic economic conditions and form economic or financial relationships between countries. In other words, it investigates the economic interdependence of countries and its consequences for the economy. International economics encompasses a broad range of terms, including globalization, trade benefits, trade patterns, the balance of payments, and FDI. Aside from that, international economics is concerned with the development, trade, and investment of countries. 

International economics has emerged as one of the essential topics for countries to understand. International economics has grown dramatically over the years, thanks to numerous theoretical, analytical, and descriptive contributions.

Economic activities between nations vary from those within nations in general. Factors of development, for example, are less mobile between countries due to various government restrictions.

Internal economics studies the effects of various government controls on production, trade, consumption, and income distribution. As a result, it is important to research international economics as a subfield of economics.

Some important terms that come under international economics are:

  1. International trade: This examines the distribution of goods and services across international borders as a result of supply-and-demand conditions, economic integration, international factor trends, and policy variables such as tariff rates and trade quotas.

  1. International Finance: Is the study of the flow of capital through international financial markets and the impact of these movements on exchange rates is known as international finance.

  1. International monetary economics and international macroeconomics:  Investigate money flows through countries and their impact on their economies as a whole.

  1. International political economy: A subfield of international affairs, investigates the causes and consequences of international wars, international treaties, international sanctions; national security and economic nationalism; and international agreements and observance.

There are mainly two parts of international economics, namely:


  1. Theoretical International Economics

  2. Descriptive International Economics

Theoretical international economics

It Deals with the explanation of international economic transactions as they occur within the institutional context. Theoretical international economics is further subdivided into two categories:

  1. Pure Theory of International Economics: Microeconomics is a subset of international economics. The pure theory of international economics is concerned with trade patterns, the effect of trade on productivity, the rate of consumption, and the distribution of income. Aside from that, it entails the investigation of the impact of trade on the prices of goods and services and the pace of economic development.

  1. Monetary Theory of International Economics: The macroeconomic component of international economics is involved. International economics monetary theory is concerned with problems concerning the balance of payments and the international monetary system. It investigates the causes of disequilibrium in the international economic system and international liquidity.

Descriptive International Economics

It Deals with the institutional environment in which international transactions between countries take place. Descriptive international economics frequently investigates problems concerning the international movement of goods and services and financial and other tools. Furthermore, it examines various international economic organizations such as the IMF, WTO, World Bank, and UNCTAD.

Among the aforementioned terms, such as globalization, trade profits, trade trend, the balance of payments, and FDI, globalization is the most important to learn in international economics.


I hope you comprehend all of the information mentioned above about international economics and its parts. Students may believe that writing about international economics is difficult, but there is no need to worry. If you are having difficulty, please contact us or visit our page, International Finance Homework Help; our experts are beneficial and will assist you accurately.


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